BIOTINYLATED ANTIGENS

BIOTINYLATED ANTIGENS

4/25/2019

Biotinylated Antigen

Figure 1. Biotinylated Antigens

In many ways, a conjugated antigen can be the solution to different problems arisen in a new IVD test development. A common problem caused by most of the surfaces is protein denaturation due to the relatively high surface by hydrophobicity. Additionally, there may be larger steric influence on binding events due to the close proximity of the surface and the sensor molecules. The specific orientation may also improve the stability of attached proteins and increase the sensitivity of the assay by exposure of its antigenic regions.

Conventional conjugation methods generally work well with antibodies; however, results with many antigens of less well-established structures are less constant. This is probably the main reason why double-antigen sandwich ELISAs (DAS-ELISA) are not as commonly used for antibody detection as indirect ELISA.

To circumvent the effect on antigenic structure caused by conventional chemical conjugation that could result in decrease in sensitivity of DAS-ELISAs, Rekom Biotech has developed a product line of biotinylated antigens, offering to our customers the possibility to buy their favourite antigen but conjugated in its C-terminus. This molecule allows the specific interaction of the biotinylated antigens to the streptavidin protein.

Why biotinylated antigens?

The extremely specific and high affinity binding of biotin by avidin and/or streptavidin (Kd ≈ 10-14M) results in specific detection systems of very high sensitivity. A clear advantage of this system is that with a common strep-HRP, we can obtain conjugated complex of all our references without the necessity of performing the peroxidation of each reference.

The biotin is fused to a linker which maintains the molecule away to the antigen surface, avoiding steric hindrance between the biotin and the antigenic regions involved in Ab-binding. Thus, the Ab interaction will not be compromised with the conjugation.

 Interaction between an antigen vs Fab region of an Ab

Figure 2. Interaction between an antigen (green) vs Fab region of an Ab (pink). In red are specified the amino acids that usually are used in conjugation procedures. Some of these amino acids are part of the epitope region of the antigen. The conjugation would interfere with the Ab-binding, decreasing the antigenic capacity of the antigen.

As there is just one biotin per protein molecule, our conjugated antigens will show a higher inter-lot reproducibility and this will facilitate the reproducibility of our customers´ IVD test also.

Biotinylated antigens applications

1.       Antigen orientation in streptavidin-coated plates.

Orientation in plates

 

2.       Detection in IgM capture assays.

Capture assays

 

3.       Detection in DAS assays.

DAS assay

 

4.       Bonding to gold and other nanoparticles coated with streptavidin.

Bonding to gold

 

Rekom Biotech biotinylated antigens

Our antigens are produced bonded to a BCCP-tag in the C-terminus, with a lysine residue which is enzymatically biotinylated by the E. coli biotin ligase BirA. This single-point labelling technique has many advantages for commonly used binding assays:

·       The biotinylation only happens on the lysine residue of the BCCP tag.

·       There is NO interference with the target protein’s natural binding activities.

·       The protein orientation is uniform when immobilized on a streptavidin-coated surface such as nanoparticles.

Please, take a look at our biotinylated antigens on the following table.

DISEASE/ALLERGY

NAME

REFERENCE

DESCRIPTION

AIDS

p24

RAG0057
RAG0057BIOT (biotinylated) new

Viral capsid antigen

Canine babesiosis (canine piroplasmosis)

BcMSA1

RAG0020 img8
RAG0020BIOT (biotinylated) new

Merozoite Surface Antigen

Chagas

ChimChagas3
(humans)
(animals)

RAG0096 (chimera) img10
RAG0096BIOT (biotinylated)

Recombinant chimeric antigen for Chagas detection

Cytomegalovirus

ChimCMV1

RAG0109 (chimera) img11
RAG0109BIOT (biotinylated)

Recombinant chimeric antigen which contains several antigenic determinants for CMV

ChimCMV2

RAG0110 (chimera)
RAG0110BIOT (biotinylated) new

Recombinant chimeric antigen for CMV detection

pp52

RAG0090
RAG0090BIOT (biotinylated)

DNA polymerase processivity subunit

Epstein-barr virus

p18

RAG0049 img13
RAG0049BIOT (biotinylated)

Viral capsid antigen

Leishmania infantum

K39
(humans)
(animals)

RAG0061 img14
RAG0061BIOT (biotinylated)

Parasite kinesin-related antigen

Neosporosis

NcGRA7

RAG0024
RAG0024BIOT (biotinylated)

Neospora caninum dense granule antigen GRA7

Syphilis

ChimSyphilis1

RAG0046 (chimera)
RAG0046BIOT (biotinylated)

Recombinant chimeric antigen for Treponema pallidum

ChimSyphilis2

RAG0064 (chimera) new
RAG0064BIOT (biotinylated) new

Recombinant chimeric antigen for Treponema pallidum

Tpp15

RAG0009
RAG0009BIOT (biotinylated)

Membrane lipoprotein

Tpp17

RAG0008
RAG0008BIOT (biotinylated)

Membrane lipoprotein

Tpp47

RAG0010
RAG0010BIOT (biotinylated)

Membrane lipoprotein

Timothy grass pollen (Phleum pratense)

Phl p 5a

RAL0003
RAL0003BIOT (biotinylated)

Unknown

Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Tri a 19

RAL0053
RAL0053BIOT (biotinylated)

Omega-5 gliadin, seed storage protein

Written by Ana Camacho.

CATEGORY: SCIENTIFIC NOTES

 

创建时间:2021-02-23 13:25